3D Printers: A complete guide to choosing the best option

3d printers


3D Printers: A complete guide to choosing the best option

3D printers have transformed manufacturing and prototyping. With different technologies available, such as FDM and resin, they adapt to the needs of each user. In addition, leading brands such as Creality, Elegoo and Anycubic offer quality models at competitive prices.

History and evolution of 3D printers

3D printers have marked a before and after in the way manufacturing and prototyping processes are carried out. Throughout their history, they have evolved from simple experimental prototypes to indispensable tools in various professional fields.

The concept of 3D printing dates back to the 1980s, when the first attempts were made to create three-dimensional objects from digital models. Over the years, technology has advanced significantly, allowing the creation of increasingly complex and detailed parts in record time.

  • From filament 3D printers, which use spools of molten plastic to build objects layer by layer, to resin printers, which use photosensitive resins and UV light to solidify layers of material, the variety of technologies available on the market has expanded the possibilities for creation in industrial and domestic settings.

Today, 3D printing has become a fundamental tool in fields such as industrial design, medicine and architecture, revolutionizing manufacturing processes and enabling the creation of precise, customized prototypes. With a wide range of materials and industry-leading brands, 3D printers continue to innovate and open up new opportunities in a variety of sectors.

3D printing technologies available on the market

3D printers offer different printing technologies to suit users' needs. The main categories are described below:

Filament 3D printers

Filament 3D printers use thermoplastic filaments to create three-dimensional objects. Within this category, the following filament types are highlighted:

  • PLA: Biodegradable and easy to print.
  • ABS: Strong and durable, ideal for functional applications.
  • PETG: Combines the strength of ABS with the ease of use of PLA.

As for filament printer models, there are options available in different price segments to suit various budgets and printing needs.

Resin 3D printers

Resin 3D printers use photosensitive resins to produce high quality models with precise details. Some advantages and disadvantages of resin printing are:

  • Advantages: Greater precision and smoother finishes.
  • Disadvantages: Slower process and more expensive resins than filaments.

Today's market features resin printers with advanced technology and high resolution to meet the demands of the most demanding users.

Accessories and spare parts for 3D printers

Accessories and spare parts are fundamental in the proper maintenance of a 3D printer, ensuring its optimal operation and prolonging its useful life. Among the most important items are nozzles, hotbeds and fans, as well as cleaning and post-processing tools.

Importance of accessories in printer maintenance

  • Accessories are key to ensure proper operation of the 3D printer over time.
  • They help maintain print quality and prevent possible equipment failure or deterioration.

Nozzles, hot bases and fans

  • The nozzles are responsible for the extrusion of the printing material and must be cleaned regularly to avoid clogging.
  • The hot bases guarantee a correct adhesion of the material to the printing surface, being important to calibrate them properly.
  • The fans help to maintain a stable temperature during the printing process, avoiding deformations in the final object.

Cleaning and post-processing tools

  • Cleaning tools, such as spatulas and brushes, are essential for removing media residues and keeping the printer clean.
  • Post-processing includes techniques such as sanding and painting of the printed pieces, improving their final finish and visual appearance.

Printing materials for 3D printers

In the field of 3D printing, the choice of materials plays a fundamental role in the final result of the parts. Both filaments and resins available on the market offer a wide range of options to suit the needs of each project.

Available types of filaments and resins

  • PLA: This material is one of the most popular due to its easy printability and biodegradability. It is ideal for parts that will not be exposed to high temperatures or adverse conditions.
  • ABS: With increased resistance to temperature and abrasion, ABS is suitable for parts requiring durability.
  • PETG: Combines the ease of printing of PLA with the strength of ABS, making it a versatile option for different types of projects.

Standard and industrial resins for high precision printing

For resin printers, standard resins offer a good balance between print quality and cost. On the other hand, industrial resins are designed for applications that require exceptional precision and specific properties, such as chemical resistance or flexibility.

3d printers

Leading brands in the 3D printer industry


Creality is a brand recognized for its quality and versatility in the 3D printer market. Its models offer a balance between performance and price, with a wide variety of options for users of all levels.

Creality featured models:

  • Ender 3 V3 KE: With a print volume of 220 x 220 x 240 mm and a print speed of up to 500 mm/s, this model stands out for its efficiency and print quality.
  • Ender 5 Pro: With a robust and stable design, this printer stands out for its ability to print large objects with precision and detail.
  • CR-10 V3: With an expanded print volume and automatic leveling technology, this model is ideal for larger scale and more complex projects.


Elegoo has positioned itself as a leading brand thanks to its high-quality 3D printers and its focus on technological innovation. With a wide range of models for different applications, Elegoo offers advanced solutions for the most demanding users.

Featured Elegoo models:

  • Mars Pro 2: With ultra-high resolution and a large monochrome LCD screen, this printer is ideal for projects that require precision and detail.
  • Saturn: With an increased print volume and improved print speed, this model is perfect for creating large objects in less time.
  • Neptune 2: With UV light projection technology, this printer stands out for its ability to print with high quality resins and obtain amazing results.


Anycubic is a brand recognized for its innovation and quality in the field of 3D printers. With a wide variety of models ranging from filament printers to resin printers, Anycubic offers solutions for all types of users.

Anycubic featured models:

  • Photon Mono X: With improved resolution and reduced printing times, this printer is ideal for projects that require high precision and speed.
  • Predator: With an elegant and functional design, this printer stands out for its ability to print large objects with exceptional detail and quality.
  • Chiron: With an expanded print volume and advanced technology, this model is ideal for large-scale projects requiring precision and reliability.

Selecting the right 3D printer for your needs

Factors to consider when choosing a model

When selecting a 3D printer, it is crucial to consider several key factors that will impact its performance and final results.

Print volume, speed and resolution

  • Evaluating the maximum size of the objects that can be printed, the speed at which they can be produced and the quality of the resolution are essential to ensure satisfactory results.
  • A higher print volume allows the creation of larger objects, while high print speed and fine resolution ensure precise details in the final product.

Compatibility with different types of materials

  • The variety of materials a 3D printer can handle is another crucial factor to consider. From PLA and ABS to specialized resins, compatibility with different types of materials will determine the versatility of the printer.
  • It is important that the printer is capable of working with a wide range of materials to be able to adapt to the specific needs of each project, whether for rapid prototyping, mass production or specialized applications.

Uses and applications of 3D printers in various industries

Industrial design and prototyping

In the field of industrial design, 3D printers enable the rapid creation of prototypes and customized parts. This technology facilitates the iteration and development of new products, streamlining design processes and reducing production costs.

Benefits of 3D printers in industrial design:

  • Agility in the creation of prototypes.
  • Customization of parts.
  • Design optimization.

3d printers medicine

Medicine and dentistry

In the field of medicine and dentistry, 3D printers have revolutionized the manufacture of prostheses, implants and anatomical models. This technology enables precise customization of medical solutions, improving the quality of life of patients and facilitating surgical interventions.

Applications of 3D printers in medicine and dentistry:

  • Manufacture of customized prostheses.
  • Creation of anatomical models for surgical planning.
  • Personalized implants.

Architecture and jewelry

In the field of architecture and jewelry, 3D printers enable the creation of architectural mock-ups, customized molds and unique pieces of jewelry. This technology offers great creative freedom and the possibility of materializing complex designs with precision and detail.

Applications of 3D printers in architecture and jewelry:

  • Printing of detailed architectural models.
  • Manufacture of molds for personalized jewelry.
  • Creation of exclusive pieces with fine finishes.

Tips for keeping your 3D printer in optimal condition

Basic care and preventive maintenance procedures

To ensure the smooth operation of your 3D printer, it is essential to perform basic care and preventive maintenance on a regular basis. Here are some key tips:

Periodic cleaning and calibration

  • Regularly clean the printing surface and remove filament residues to avoid clogging.
  • Calibrate the print bed and axes periodically to ensure accurate printing.
  • Check and adjust the tension of belts and bearings to maintain precision in movements.

Replacement of worn or defective parts

  • Keep track of parts that may be worn, such as nozzles or belts, and replace them as necessary.
  • Regularly check the condition of the fans and ensure that they are working properly to avoid overheating.
  • Replace damaged components, such as sensors or electronic boards, to keep the printer in good working order.

Current trends in the 3D printer market

Today, the 3D printer market is experiencing constant advancement in terms of technological innovation and new developments that are transforming the way 3D printing is done.

Technological innovations and new developments

Innovations in 3D printing are enabling the creation of increasingly complex objects with an astonishing level of detail.

Multi-material printing and special effects

  • The possibility of printing with several materials simultaneously opens up a wide range of possibilities for the creation of objects with unique properties.
  • Special effects, such as realistic textures or glossy finishes, are becoming increasingly accessible thanks to improvements in printing systems.

Large-scale 3D printing and advanced applications

  • The ability to print large objects is being exploited in sectors such as architecture and industry, where large parts are required.
  • Advanced applications of 3D printing, such as tissue and organ bioprinting, represent a significant advance in the field of medicine and scientific research.

Future of 3D printing and its impact on society

The prospect of growth and evolution of 3D printing technology opens up a range of possibilities in various fields, such as education, healthcare and manufacturing. Possible applications and future challenges are detailed below:

Growth prospects and technology evolution

  • Advanced implementation of 3D printing in educational environments to foster creativity and interdisciplinary learning.
  • Use of 3D printers in the healthcare field for the creation of customized prostheses and high-precision anatomical models.
  • Manufacturing impact through agile, customized production of complex parts and components.

Potential uses in education, health care and manufacturing

  • In education, 3D printers can be key tools for teaching design, engineering and science concepts in a practical and visual way.
  • In the healthcare sector, 3D printing facilitates the production of customized medical devices and the planning of surgical procedures.
  • In manufacturing, 3D printing technology enables the production of prototypes and customized parts efficiently.

Challenges and opportunities for mass deployment of 3D printers

  • One of the main challenges is the need for standardization and regulation in the use of 3D printers to ensure the quality and safety of the final products.
  • Optimization of printing processes and cost reduction are key opportunities for the massive penetration of this technology in different sectors.
  • The development of innovative and sustainable materials is presented as a path towards the continuous improvement of 3D printing and its integration into society.


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